Keep-It-Simple Financial Planning (Part 3)
This article is the third in a series of financial planning. You might want to go back and read Keep-It-Simple Financial Planning (Part 1), and Keep-It-Simple Financial Planning (Part 2) before you begin looking at this article. This article talks about budgeting and you might find an easier time following it's advice if you read the other two first.
Your budget will help determine how much extra you can afford to pay in order to get out of debt. According to The Richest Man in Babylon, (which I highly suggest you read), "Save at least 1/10th of your income, and invest it. It is suggested that you find someone who is both honest and wise in investments. The purpose of this savings is to grow an estate for your future, and your family." I would also suggest that you become familiar with any company you invest in.
The first step in creating a budget is to gather your financial information. If you want to follow along, you'll need the following:
Regular Income items are paychecks, or other sources of income which repeat on a regular basis, like every month.
Irregular Income items are income which you get regularly, but not in a fixed amount. One possible source of Irregular Income would be profits from a small business.
I suggest you use a simple method of forecasting your irregular income, by averaging your last 12 months of irregular income. This will let you approximative what your income will be. You then put aside extra income above this amount to help cover the times when you bring in less.
The next step in the creation of a budget will be to gather, and organize your expenses. There are monthly expenses, and there are expenses which occur less frequently. Organize all of these into categories.
When it comes to bills which reappear less than every full month make a decision, on if you are going to budget a monthly amount for them, or make a special budget for those months.
Be sure to look your budget over every time you get paid. Ask yourself does this look right? Will my budget work this time? Have I allocated all of my money?
It is important that all of your money gets allocated. You want your money to work for you, and if you do not tell it what to do it will not do anything, except slip away.
I have created a monthly budget sheet for this exercise. You'll find a blank copy attached to the end of this post. This budget contains expense lines. These are blank and you will need to create "buckets" that will work for you. Here is a list of samples that you can possibly use in your own budget:
Housing and Utility Expenses
- Mortgage payment or rent
- Natural gas
- Garbage pick-up
Common Household Expenses
- Cleaning supplies
- Dry cleaning
- Home improvement projects
- Towels, linens, etc.
- Car payments
- Routine Maintenance
- Air travel
- Rental cars
- Public transportation
- Cable TV or satellite service
- Dining out
- Sporting events
- Lessons and recitals
- Internet access
- Cellular phone
- Voice mail, etc.
Health and Beauty
- Hair cuts, perms, etc.
- Medical, dental, vision
- Weight loss, diet products
- Nutritional supplements
- Credit Card Payments
- Loans Payments
Other Possible Items
- Child care
- Items for baby/elderly
- Allowances for children
- Book clubs, magazines, music, etc.
- Fast food
- Spending money
- Donations to church or charity
- Gifts (Christmas, birthdays, anniversary, etc.)
- Emergency fund
- Coffee, soda, cigarettes, etc.
Now that you have a complete list of items, it's time to do some math. Add all income items together, then add all expense items together. Then subtract expenses from income. If there you have a zero left you, things are balanced and you are done! If there is a positive amount left after all the math, you can decide whether or not to save it, pay off some debts, or invest the money.
If there is a negative amount left, this means you might want to drop some expenses quick. Some items you might want to consider dropping include:
- Cable/Satellite TV
- Anything not a necessity
The final step is to use envelopes and or bank accounts to separate your money by budget. Some people work well with cash, so for them I would suggest cashing the expenses part of their income, and dividing it into envelopes. This way they see their dwindling money supply, and can choose if they want to purchase something or not.
I have one more piece of advice for those of you who write a lot of checks. I recommend you create a special account just for checks to be written from. As you go to write a check put the money in the account. Then let it sit in the account until the check clears. This will allow your checks to not bounce because you spent to much money.